Jul 01, 2020
Opinion: ACA 5 will bring racial equity and fairness to California
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I support the need to bring racial equity and fairness to our California society. ACA 5 will help provide those opportunities to all in our public universities.
ACA 5 is the constitutional amendment that will be on California voters’ November ballot. It would reverse Proposition 209, the state’s prohibition on affirmative action, which voters approved in 1996.
ACA 5 will help level the playing field in public employment and government contracting, where Asians are sorely underrepresented. Women and girls are also beneficiaries of ACA 5, especially in light of the fact that women are still paid less than men; and black women are paid even less than white women.
Many people believe that I am a good example of the model minority story. In fact, it is a myth because I am actually a product and beneficiary of the Legal Opportunity Program (LEOP), an affirmative action program at UC Hastings in 1991. Programs such as LEOP provide students of underrepresented ethnic, gender, social and economic backgrounds the opportunity to succeed in an inequitable world. As a young immigrant learning English as a second language, I would not have gotten into UC Hastings based solely on test scores and grades. Nor would I have survived the rigorous curriculum of law school without the tutoring program that guided me throughout the first year in law school. My success today is one that I attribute to the help I’ve received through this vitally important program.
Proposition 209 outlawed the use of race or gender as one of many factors in consideration of admitting students at California public universities. It was passed after I graduated from these schools. The devastating effect of Prop 209 is clear: The percentage of enrolled minority and disadvantaged students dropped drastically in the UC and CSU systems, further exacerbating the inequities of the past quarter century.
Systemic racial inequity still exists in 2020. For example, Latinos account for less than 25% of the student population in the UC/CSU system, while the Latino population in California is reaching close to 40%. This imbalance is shocking and a clear reminder that the status quo is not working. With the latest Black Lives Matter protests and movement, the need for racial equity reform is appallingly clear. Even though we had a Black president in the United States, the success of one person does not equate with the elimination of systemic racism. On the contrary, it’s getting worse.
With President Trump’s latest proclamations of Chinese virus, or “Kung Flu,” many Asian Americans recently have experienced racial discrimination and have been told to “Go back to China.” As a Chinese American, I recognize the urgent need for us to build bridges with all people of color, as discrimination against one is discrimination against all. We must stand tall together to call out these unacceptable behaviors and not allow ACA 5 to become a wedge that divides us.
Well-managed affirmative action programs do not guarantee any numerical quota or make a decision based solely on race or gender. They consider these factors in totality. Those espousing affirmative action as being a quota system are deliberately misconstruing the facts of such programs and must be called out.
I believe that thousands of students from disadvantaged backgrounds of all ethnicities and women will benefit from the equal opportunities afforded by ACA 5. Furthermore, all students attending these universities will benefit from a more diverse educational experience to better prepare them for the real world. An educational environment with only the elites is merely an ivory tower that perpetuates stereotypes held against ethnic minorities. I wish that we were truly a colorblind society, but we are far from that. ACA 5 can get us closer. Let’s make it happen.
Otto Lee is the founder of Intellectual Property Law Group LLP headquartered in San Jose. He is a former Sunnyvale mayor and a retired Navy Reserve Commander. He is a candidate for the District 3 seat on the Santa Clara County Board of Supervisors.Related Articles
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Quarantine Loopholes Bring Fresh Efforts to Fight Outbreaks
By DENNIS PASSA and ELAINE KURTENBACH, Associated Press
BRISBANE, Australia (AP) — An Australian state is toughening its punishment for anyone caught violating coronavirus quarantines, including jailing rulebreakers for up to six months — a warning that follows rising virus cases worldwide and violations of restrictions that are now being further tightened.
The current fines for breaking a mandatory 14-day hotel quarantine for some visitors or lying about their whereabouts “appears not to be enough" in some cases, Queensland state's Deputy Premier Steven Miles said.
With higher fines and possibly six months’ imprisonment, "I hope that will demonstrate to the public just how serious we are about enforcing these measures,” Miles said.
Queensland shut down its state borders to successfully contain the coronavirus outbreak, but has reopened to all but residents of Victoria, Australia's worst affected region, two weeks ago.
The city of Melbourne in Victoria recorded 270 new coronavirus infections overnight, with more than 4,000 cases now active across the state. Melbourne is one week into a six-week lockdown in an attempt to stop a spike in new cases there.
Health experts have warned that outbreaks that had been brought under control with shutdowns and other forms of social distancing were likely to flare again as precautions were relaxed.
Disney officials announced that Hong Kong Disneyland Park was closing Wednesday until further notice following the city’s decision to ban public gatherings of more than four people to combat newly spreading infections.
Hong Kong’s leader, Carrie Lam, announced new coronavirus-related restrictions on Monday after 41 out of 52 newly reported infections were locally transmitted cases. Hong Kong has reported 250 new cases since July 6. Lam urged the private sector to put in place work-from-home arrangements for employees.
In Thailand, where there has been no reports of locally transmitted cases for seven weeks, health authorities were rushing to trace the contacts of two recent foreign arrivals in the country who were infected with the coronavirus and may have violated quarantine rules.
The two cases involved an Egyptian military officer and the 9-year-old child of a diplomat from Sudan. All other recent cases have involved Thai nationals repatriated from abroad confined in mandatory state quarantines. The cases arose as Thailand is considering how and when to reopen to normal foreign tourists.
The new coronavirus first found in China late last year has infected 13.1 million people worldwide and killed more than 573,000, according to a tally by Johns Hopkins University. The actual numbers are thought to be much higher due to limited testing and the number of people who don't show symptoms.
India, which has the third-most cases, was rapidly nearing 1 million cases with a jump of more than 28,000 reported Tuesday. It now has more than 906,000 and accumulated more than 100,000 in just four days.
Its nationwide lockdown largely ended, but the recent spikes have prompted several big cities to reimpose partial lockdowns. A 10-day lockdown that began Tuesday in the southern city of Pune, will allow only essential businesses such as milk shops, pharmacies, clinics and emergency services to open.
The ebb and flow of the pandemic has governments scrambling to quash fresh outbreaks while attempting to salvage economies from the devastation of long shutdowns and travel restrictions.
South Africa imposed tighter restrictions including a ban on alcohol sales, mandatory face masks in public places and an overnight curfew, as a surge in new infections pushed it into the 10 worst-affected countries with nearly 300,000 confirmed cases, according to the Johns Hopkins tally.
In the U.S., flaring outbreaks have led officials to mandate mask wearing and close down bars and some other businesses to once again try to bring the pandemic under control.
Hawaii’s governor pushed back by another month plans to waive a 14-day quarantine requirement for out-of-state travelers who test negative for COVID-19.
“I know that this increases the burden on businesses here in the islands, especially small businesses. But we do believe that it is time to continue to protect the health and safety of our community,” Gov. David Ige told reporters. He cited rising numbers of local cases, “uncontrolled” outbreaks in several U.S. mainland states and a shortage of testing supplies.
The state has one of the lowest infection rates in the U.S., with 1,243 cases. Its quarantine requirement has virtually shut down tourism since it took effect in late March, pushing the unemployment rate in the islands to 22.6%, the second highest in the U.S.
Kurtenbach reported from Mito, Japan.
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