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CANBERRA, Australia (AP) — Australia’s prime minister on Wednesday announced 270 billion Australian dollars ($190 billion) in additional defense spending over the next decade, which will include long-range missiles and other capabilities to hold enemies further from its shores.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison warned that the post-pandemic world will become more dangerous and announced a renewed focus on Australia’s immediate region, although its military would be open to joining U.

S.-led coalitions as it did in Afghanistan and Iraq in campaigns that were in the Australian national interest.

Australia had not seen such economic and strategic uncertainty in the region since World War II for reasons including tensions between the United States and China, he said.

“This simple truth is this: Even as we stare down the COVID pandemic at home, we need to also prepare for a post-COVID world that is poorer, that is more dangerous and that is more disorderly,” Morrison said.

Tensions over territorial claims were rising between India and China and in the South China Sea, Morrison said.

“The risk of miscalculation and even conflict is heightened,” Morrison said. “Regional military modernization is at an unprecedented rate.”

“Relations between China and the United States are fractious at best as they compete for political, economic and technological supremacy,” he added.

Australia will invest in more lethal and long-range capabilities that will hold enemies further from its shores, including longer-range strike weapons and offensive cyber capabilities.

To increase maritime strike capability, Australia will buy the AGM-158C anti-ship missile from the U.S. Navy at an estimated cost of AU$800 million, the government said.

The new missile is a significant upgrade from Australia’s current AGM-84 air-launched Harpoon anti-ship missile, which was introduced in the early 1980s. It has a range of 124 kilometers (77 miles), while the missile being purchased can exceed 370 kilometers (230 miles).

The new missile will initially be used on the F/A-18F Super Hornet jet fighters but can be used by other defense aircraft. Training on the weapon system would begin next year, the government said.

Australia will also invest in advanced naval strike capabilities, including long-range anti-ship and land strike weapons, and will buy long-range rocket artillery and missile systems to give the army an operational strike capability.

It also plans to develop and test high-speed, long-range strike weapons, including hypersonic weapons.

The announcement comes as Australia’s relationship with China, its most important trading partner, is under extraordinary strain over Australian calls for an independent investigation of the pandemic.

The United States, Australia’s most important security partner since WWII, remains “the foundation of our defense policy,” Morrison said.

“Of course we can’t match all the capabilities in our region,” Morrison said. “That is why we need to ensure that our deterrence capabilities play to our strengths.”

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Rivian raises $2.5 billion in aggressive plan to beat Tesla and Nikola with the first all-electric pickup

RJ Scaringe, founder and chief executive officer of Rivian Automotive Inc., unveils the R1T electric pickup truck, left, and R1S electric sports utility vehicle (SUV) during a reveal event at AutoMobility LA ahead of the Los Angeles Auto Show in Los Angeles, California.Bloomberg | Bloomberg | Getty Images

As shares of electric truck maker Nikola Motor Co. surged at its IPO last month and cemented 38-year-old founder Trevor Milton as the industry's newest billionaire, Robert "R.J." Scaringe was quietly raising $2.5 billion in fresh financing for his electric truck company Rivian.  

The CEO and founder is used to other companies – from startup Nikola, Tesla and its Cybertruck, General Motors and Ford Motor – stealing the limelight with their plans for all-electric pickups. Rivian is expected to be among the first, if not the first, to bring an all-electric pickup to market early- to mid- next year – months, potentially years, ahead of its competitors.

"We're focused on making sure that we deliver," Scaringe told CNBC during a video interview from the electric truck manufacturer's factory in central Illinois. "We really value active humility and letting our actions speak louder than our words."

Although Rivian hasn't received as much attention as Tesla and Scaringe's Twitter account remains unverified, the 37-year-old has worked methodically over the past decade to grow the private company into what might be the first auto startup since Tesla to mass-produce all-electric vehicles.

The company last year raised $2.85 billion from well-known companies such as Amazon, Cox Automotive, T. Rowe Price Associates and Ford.

According to Scaringe, Rivian has no plans of going public for the foreseeable future but it's "open" to additional financing to help support its "aggressive growth plans."

"We're in a position where we're well-capitalized to launch the products but we are rapidly expanding and growing and accelerating some of our future products," he said. "We're seeing demand being significantly higher than what we initially anticipated, which is leading us to capacitive for higher levels of volume."

Rivian, according to Scaringe, remains "very selective" regarding any potential future financing partners.

Pickups, SUVs and vans

Rivian's all-electric product plans, which were delayed several months due to the coronavirus pandemic, include the R1T pickup, R1S SUV as well as a line of vans, which Amazon pre-ordered 100,000 of last year for its delivery fleet over the next decade.

The all-electric pickup and SUV are expected to launch early next year, while Amazon expects to have 10,000 of the vans in its fleet by 2022. Rivian has said the pickup and SUV, which debuted in late 2018, will achieve a driving range on a single charge of more than 400 miles – in-line with Tesla's top Model S Long Range Plus.

Amazon plans to have 10,000 of the new electric vehicles from Rivian on the road as early as 2022 and all 100,000 vehicles on the road by 2030.Amazon/Jordan Stead

Rivian will produce the vehicles at a former Mitsubishi Motors plant in Normal, Illinois, which was purchased for $16 million in 2017. The company is spending more than $750 million to equip, renovate and expand the facility ahead of production.

The fact that Rivian already has the 2.6 million-square-foot plant, including a paint shop that's nearing completion, puts it ahead of others such as Nikola and Tesla, which has yet determine a location for production of its Cybertruck.

"Clearly, we believe in the company and we think he has a great opportunity to succeed," Sandy Schwartz, CEO of Cox Automotive, told CNBC after his company invested $350 million in Rivian in September.  "We thought this was really a good fit for us and for them."

That's not to say Rivian doesn't have its challenges. Producing a vehicle is extremely complex. And even once production has started, Tesla has dominated the all-electric vehicle market with its cult fan base waiting months, if not years, for its vehicles.

But for now, the company is viewed as a frontrunner for all-electric utility vehicles, including the "vote of confidence" from Amazon, according to Sam Abuelsamid, principal research analyst at Navigant and an engineer.


"At this stage, they're farther along than pretty much anybody," he said. "They've been working at this and developing this truck and platform for quite a long time. Certainly, longer than Tesla has been working on the Cybertruck or Nikola has been working on the Badger."

Rivian is taking pre-orders for its all-electric pickup and SUV that include $1,000 refundable deposits. The company declined to discuss how many reservations it has taken other than saying it's "happy with our reservation numbers and are confident in demand."

Rivian, like Tesla, plans to sell its vehicles directly to consumers, bypassing franchised dealers that are used by "traditional" automakers such as GM and Ford.

Staying private

Scaringe said Rivian, which was founded in 2009, has no plans at this time of going public. He said Nikola going public through a reverse merger with VectoIQ hasn't had "any material impact" on the company or its plans.

"For us, we're so focused on launching products. Priorities one, two and three are launch the products," he said. "We're not planning or thinking about exit events, liquidity events at this point. We have access to private capital, which allows us to focus on execution."

VIDEO12:0612:06Nikola executive chairman on the EV truck maker's electric surgeFast Money

Staying private speaks to Scaringe himself. The father of three boys has spent a decade under the radar as he meticulously planned the company's strategy. That included shifting from an all-electric sports car to utility vehicles in the early 2010s.

Scaringe, who lives in Southern California, is known as a driven, level-headed planner who worries over the slightest detail —almost to a fault — as he attempts to achieve his vision, according to several people who have worked with him. He lets his actions speak louder than his words … or tweets.

"One of these doesn't look like the other. Rivian, they've been very quiet about it. They've been very different about than either Tesla or Nikola," said David Kudla, CEO and chief investment strategist of Mainstay Capital Management in Grand Blanc, Michigan. "If you look at those three right now, my money is on Rivian in terms of who will execute."

Kudla, who closely follows the automotive industry, believes Rivian would do "incredibly well" if or when it does go public.

Rivian'Building a mosaic'

Rivian has grown its employees from 700 in 2018 to 2,400 people today. They've attracted a diverse group of executives from the Detroit automakers, Tesla and Harley-Davidson, among others.

"That's intentionally going after building a mosaic of different experience sets," Scaringe said. "That we can take those different experience sets and learn from them."

Recent hires have included Rod Copes, who spent 16 years at Harley-Davidson and more recently worked for motorcycle manufacturer Royal Enfield, as its chief operating officer; Matt Horton, a former chief commercial officer of electric bus maker Proterra, as an executive vice president; and Tesla veterans Charly Mwangi, a former Tesla senior director of engineering, as executive vice president of manufacturing engineering, and Cindy Nicola, Tesla's former vice president of global recruiting, as vice president of talent acquisition.

Rivian will produce its vehicles at a former Mitsubishi Motors plant in Normal, Illinois, which the purchased for $16 million in 2017.Rivian

Rivian has lost some top executives, including James Morgan, a veteran of Ford, as chief operating officer, and ex-chief technology officer Mike Bell, a former executive with Apple and Intel, among others.

Rivian also is in the midst of rebalancing its employees, including some layoffs earlier this year. It's also shifting some of its engineering and product development staff from suburban Detroit to its battery systems and vehicle dynamics operations in Irvine, California.

"This is not easy, you need thousands of engineers working on the technical aspects, you need a production system that takes years to build and to launch, and you need commercial retail and service infrastructure," Scaringe said. "We're completely focused on getting all those pieces built."

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