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Index funds are popular with investors because they promise ownership of a wide variety of stocks, immediate diversification and lower risk - usually all at a low price.That's why many investors, especially beginners, find index funds to be superior investments to individual stocks. © D3sign/Getty Images Woman using an investment app
Among the best are index funds based on the Standard & Poor's 500 Index (S&P 500). The index includes the largest, globally diversified American companies across every industry, making it as low-risk as stock investing gets. Of course, as the first half of 2020 has shown, even the whole market can fluctuate dramatically.
This index is the very definition of the market, and by owning a fund based on the index, you'll get the market's return. It's also among the most popular indexes.
Here's everything you need to know about index funds and five of the top index funds to consider adding to your portfolio this year.
[BROKER REVIEWS: Ally Invest | Charles Schwab | Fidelity | Robinhood | More]What is an index fund?
An index fund is a fund - either a mutual fund or an exchange-traded fund (ETF) - that is based on a preset basket of stocks, or index. This index may be created by the fund manager itself or by another company such as an investment bank or a brokerage.
These fund managers then mimic the index, creating a fund that looks as much as possible like the index, without actively managing the fund. Over time the index changes, as companies are added and deleted, and the fund manager mechanically replicates those changes in the fund.
Because of this approach, index funds are considered a type of passive investing, rather than active investing where a manager analyzes stocks and tries to pick the best performers. This passive approach means that index funds tend to have low expense ratios, keeping them cheap for investors getting into the market.
Some of the most well-known indexes include the S&P 500, the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the Nasdaq 100. Index funds are a popular strategy for ETFs to use, and virtually all ETFs are based on indexes.Why are index funds so popular?
Investors like index funds because they offer immediate diversification. With one purchase, investors can own a wide swath of companies.
For example, one share of an index fund based on the S&P 500 provides ownership in hundreds of companies. While some funds such as S&P 500 index funds allow you to own companies across industries, others allow exposure to a specific industry, country or even investing style (say, dividend stocks).
The S&P 500 index fund continues to be among the most popular index funds. S&P 500 funds offer a good return over time, they're diversified and they're about as low risk as stock investing gets. Like all stocks, it will fluctuate, but over time the index has returned about 10 percent annually. That doesn't mean index funds make money every year, but over long periods of time that's been the average return.
So here are some of the best index funds for 2020. These funds are based on the S&P 500 or contain many of the stocks in that index.Best index funds for July 2020
The list below includes S&P 500 index funds from a variety of companies, and it includes some of the lowest-cost funds trading on the public markets. When it comes to an index fund like this, one of the most important factors in your total return is cost. Included are two mutual funds and three ETFs:
The Fidelity ZERO Large Cap Index mutual fund is part of the investment company's foray into mutual funds with no expense ratio, thus its ZERO moniker. The fund doesn't officially track the S&P 500 - technically it follows the Fidelity U.S. Large Cap Index - but the difference is academic. The real difference is that Fidelity doesn't have to cough up a licensing fee to use the S&P name, keeping costs lower for investors.
Expense ratio: 0 percent. That means every $10,000 invested would cost $0 annually.2. Vanguard S&P 500 ETF (VOO)
As its name suggests, the Vanguard S&P 500 tracks the S&P 500 index. It had $519 billion in assets, as of May 2020, making it one of the largest funds on the market. This ETF began trading in 2010, and it's backed by Vanguard, one of the powerhouses of the fund industry.
Expense ratio: 0.03 percent. That means every $10,000 invested would cost $3 annually.3. SPDR S&P 500 ETF Trust (SPY)
The SPDR S&P 500 ETF is the granddaddy of ETFs, having been founded all the way back in 1993. It helped kick off the wave of ETF investing that has become so popular today. As of June 2020, it had $269 billion in assets, ranking it among the most popular ETFs. The fund is sponsored by State Street Global Advisors - another heavyweight in the industry - and it tracks the S&P 500.
Expense ratio: 0.09 percent. That means every $10,000 invested would cost $9 annually.4. iShares Core S&P 500 ETF (IVV)
The iShares Core S&P 500 ETF is a fund sponsored by one of the largest fund companies, BlackRock. With nearly $191 billion in assets (as of June 2020), this iShares fund is one of the largest ETFs and like other large funds, it tracks the S&P 500. With an inception date of 2000, this fund is another long-tenured player.
Expense ratio: 0.03 percent. That means every $10,000 invested would cost $3 annually.5. Schwab S&P 500 Index Fund (SWPPX)
With $41 billion in assets (as of June 2020), the Schwab S&P 500 Index Fund is on the smaller side of the heavyweights on this list, but that's not really a concern for investors. This mutual fund has a strong record dating back to 1997, and it's sponsored by Charles Schwab, one of the most respected names in the industry. Schwab is especially noted for its focus on making investor-friendly products, as evidenced by this fund's razor-thin expense ratio.
Expense ratio: 0.02 percent. That means every $10,000 invested would cost $2 annually.Bottom line
These are some of the best S&P 500 index funds on the market, offering investors a way to own the stocks of the S&P 500 at low cost, while still enjoying the benefits of diversification and lower risk. With those benefits, it's no surprise that these are some of the largest funds on the market.
Featured image by D3SIGN / Getty Images.Learn more:
- How to invest like a pro with index funds
- Best online brokers for mutual funds
- Mutual fund vs ETF: Which is better?
News Source: msn.com
Analyst: Hogan administration has not been transparent on virus relief fund spending
This content was republished with permission from WTOP’s news partners at Maryland Matters. Sign up for Maryland Matters’ free email subscription today.
Gov. Lawrence J. Hogan (R) hasn’t been transparent about how he plans to use millions in relief funds from the federal government, David C. Romans, a fiscal policy and analysis coordinator with the Maryland Department of Legislative Services, told lawmakers during a virtual Thursday morning Senate Budget and Taxation Committee briefing.
“The administration has not been terribly forthcoming about how they plan to use that money, except through press releases,” Romans said. “None of this money technically should be spent without a budget amendment being processed.”
He said the Hogan administration has pledged more than $1 billion in federal relief funding for local governments, but added that around $450 million remains unallocated. Romans added that most of his information came from the governor’s news releases.
Secretary of Budget and Management David R. Brinkley said budgetary amendments would eventually be available to outline how the relief funding is being spent.
“The amendments will be forthcoming, and then they’ll be available to you,” Brinkley said. “If I were still in the legislature, I too would be equally frustrated.”
The briefing came as Maryland faces massive budgetary shortfalls as a result of the coronavirus pandemic. The Board of Public Works recently cut $413 million from the budget in an effort to offset revenue losses, but the state is still facing shortfalls.
Brinkley previously said six years’ worth of revenues could be wiped out by 2022.
“That is staggering,” Brinkley said during a Wednesday evening House Appropriations Committee briefing. “Absolutely staggering.”
Romans cautioned legislators not to rely on federal funding to get them out of the fiscal hole caused by coronavirus. Even under the Department of Legislative Services’ favorable forecasts, Maryland could see billions in revenue shortfalls.
“It would take a massive amount of money to get us out of the challenge we have,” Romans said.
Brinkley added that state officials are trying to find a way to balance the budget without completely draining Maryland’s rainy day fund.
“We have not fully utilized the rainy day fund,” he said. “We don’t want to, we don’t intend to.”