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Sydney (Australia), Aug 2 (EFE) .- The regional government of the Australian state of Victoria announced on Sunday new more restrictive measures to combat the spread of COVID-19, whose second wave of infections has the epicenter in Melbourne.

The restrictions, including the nightly curfew in Melbourne from 8 p.

m. to 5 a.m., will take effect from midnight and a state of disaster will be declared throughout Victoria for six weeks (until 13 September ).

The head of the regional government, Daniel Andrews, said today at a press conference that in the last 24 hours the death of seven people and 671 new infections of COVID-19 in his territory have been confirmed.

Many of the new cases are local infections with an unknown origin, which has urged the authorities to apply further measures.

“If we don’t take these steps, we are going to see more and more cases,” Andrews said.

The state of disaster (in addition to the state of emergency already in force) grants greater powers to the police and allows people who miss the curfew to be arrested and fined.

“The current orders have avoided thousands of daily infections, thousands of people who have not come to the hospital and many tragedies. But they are not working fast enough for many reasons,” argued the politician when announcing the new restrictions.

In addition, the movements of residents of Melbourne will be limited, the second most populous city in the country and with around 5 million inhabitants, where a second confinement already governs until August 19, although it is expected to be expanded, and the compulsory use of masks.

Andrews also announced that tomorrow Monday will announce a new battery of restrictions for work activities.

Cases in Victoria account for about 60% of the total of 18,000 COVID-19 cases detected across the country since the start of the pandemic, including more than 200 deaths.

In the neighboring state of New South Wales, which keeps the internal border with Victoria closed, 12 new cases were also confirmed on Sunday and are worried about the expansion of COVID-19 to its territory.

The oceanic country, which successfully managed the first wave of infections, has faced since the beginning of July an increase in cases related to imported infected and a series of failures in hotels enabled for travelers from abroad to keep a mandatory quarantine for two weeks .

(c) EFE Agency

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Dallas : how the measures signed by Trump impact you Telemundo Dallas (39)

President Donald Trump bypassed lawmakers by claiming the authority to defer payroll taxes and replace an expired unemployment benefit after negotiations with Congress on a new coronavirus rescue package collapsed.

Trump’s measures on Saturday bypassed Congress’s control over federal spending and are likely to face legal challenges. The president called his actions necessary as lawmakers have been unable to reach an agreement to give more money to the faltering economy, which has put his re-election in jeopardy in November.

Here we explain each of the actions signed on Saturday and how they can affect you:

For unemployed: the checks continue but for a smaller amount

One of the measures expands the supplemental federal unemployment benefit for millions of Americans out of work during the outbreak.

However, the order requires payments of up to $ 400 each week, one-third less than the $ 600 people had been receiving. It is unknown how many people would receive the benefit and how long it would take for them to arrive.

The previous unemployment benefit, which expired on August 1, was funded entirely by Washington, but Trump is asking states to cover 25% now.

Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin warned once again that the amount of unemployment benefit will be much less than it is today.

He’s looking to set aside $ 44 billion in disaster aid that had previously been approved for states, but said it will be up to states to determine how much, if anything, to fund, so the benefits could be even less.

Many states have already faced budget deficits due to the coronavirus pandemic and would have a difficult time assuming the new obligation.

For employees: you won’t pay payroll taxes … for now

In another measure, Trump authorizes the Treasury Department to allow employers to delay paying employees’ Social Security payroll taxes until the end of 2020 for those Americans who earn less than $ 100,000 annually.

The text of the order stipulates that the period would begin on September 1, but during the press conference the president indicated that it could be retroactive until August 1.

The measure would not directly help unemployed workers, who do not pay the tax when unemployed, and employees would have to repay the federal government eventually without an act of Congress.

Some residents report that the $ 400 a week that was promised will not be enough for rent and priority payments.

In essence, the deferral is an interest-free loan that should be repaid. Trump said he will try to get lawmakers to extend it, and the timing would line up with a post-election session in which Congress will try to pass government funding bills.

“If I win, I can extend and rescind,” Trump said, repeating a long-time goal but keeping mum on how he would fund Medicare and Social Security benefits that cover the 7% tax on employee income. Employers also pay 7.65% of their payroll into funds.

Trump’s Democratic opponent in the presidential race, Joe Biden, called the orders “a series of half-measures” and accused him of jeopardizing Social Security, which is financed by payroll tax.

Randy Serrano has the information.

Eviction of homes

At his conference, Trump announced that home evictions were to be stopped.

But in the text, accessed by NBC News, the executive order does not reinstate the moratorium on evictions and instead urges the Secretary of the Treasury and the CDC to “consider” whether measures to stop them are “reasonably necessary to avoid a greater spread of COVID-19 “.

It also directs various agencies to “identify” to search for available funds to provide financial assistance to those unable to pay the monthly rent.

The president wants students whose schools do not open to have the opportunity to attend other educational institutions. To see more from Telemundo, visit now.telemundo.com

Student loans

The fourth measure establishes an extension in the deferrals of student loan payments and the order to waive interest, which will expire on September 30.

Although Trump indicated that the measure of interest will be until “immediately after December 1”, the text indicates that it is “until December 31”.

What was missing?

The announced measures are intended to largely replace the proposals debated by Congressmen and Democrats, but there was one expected aspect that was not included: another possible $ 1,200 stimulus check.

If you haven’t received your payment or if you have lost or thrown the check, these are the options you have.

Why would they face legal challenges

Trump had already suggested in recent days that he could use his executive power for these orders, although the legal basis on which he acts is questioned by Democrats, who have threatened to bring their decisions to justice if Congress is sidelined, which is in charge of determining federal spending.

In this regard, Trump said, “Whatever you do, you are sued, so we’ll see. Yes, they will probably sue us, but people feel we can do it.”

The use of executive actions drew criticism from Republican Senator Ben Sasse of Nebraska. “The pencil and phone theory of executive legislation is an unconstitutional waste,” said Sasse, a member of the Senate’s judicial and financial panels.

Democrats in the lower house of Congress have approved a plan, while Senate Republicans are discussing their own proposal. To see more from Telemundo, visit now.telemundo.com

He added that Trump “does not have the power to unilaterally rewrite the payroll tax law. Under the Constitution, that power belongs to the American people acting through its members of Congress. “

The Democratic chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee on tax writing, Rep. Richard E. Neal of Massachusetts, accused Trump of “blatantly circumventing Congress to institute a tax policy that destabilizes Social Security.” He also cited a threat to funding from Medicare.

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